Archive for May, 2017
The Companye have returned once more from the splendid Hedingham Castle! It was only a week since we were at Kenilworth Castle and it is great to get the season in full swing once again.
Hedingham Castle is a Medieval Siege Society event, and for many – the jewel in the MSS crown. It is always a great event, and this was no different, indeed it was one of the best the Companye have done. It is also our “anniversary” event as it was at this location that the Companye made their debut all those years ago!
It was also great to see the return of Daisy to the Companye, we realised how much we had missed her when she announced during set up that “she always liked it much better when it’s dirty!”. Clearly, University life was not wasted upon her..
In other news, young Sam took the battlefield for the first time. Matt was very proud, let’s hope he’s not a chip off the old block.
Note: Authenticity Errata – We are well aware that Banner Bearers were positions of high honour and usually fully armoured and assigned to a veteran. However Sam was seconded into this role as Sir William needed someone to carry the script!!
About the Castle
For those that have not been here before, Hedingham Castle is arguably the finest surviving Norman keep in England, and the owners – in whose family the keep has been held for generations – have recently undertaken conservation measures and removed the Ivy around the gatehouse, enabled entry to this previously inaccessible area, and extended a modern walkway out so visitors can now enjoy more of this stunning castle.
The manor of Hedingham was awarded to Aubrey de Vere I by King William the Conqueror by 1086. The castle was constructed by the de Veres in the late 11th to early 12th century and the keep in the 1130s and 1140s. The castle was besieged twice, in 1216 and 1217, during the dispute between King John, rebel barons, and the French prince. (In both cases the sieges were short and successful for those besieging the castle). The castle was held by the de Vere family until 1625, during the 15th Century it was held by John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford who died there in 1513.
About the Event
This year’s event was set in the year April 1471, and was staged as a powerplay between two of the most powerful men in the land, William, Lord Hastings; and the aforementioned John De Vere (Earl of Oxford). At this point in time, De Vere had escaped to Scotland with only forty men following the Lancastrian defeat at the Battle of Barnet the previous month and the restoration of the House of York.
The MSS was staging two battles per day. The Companye had been assigned the role of Castle Garrison, at that point in the service of the Earl of Oxford.
The weekend was set mere weeks after the battle of Barnet (A Lancastrian defeat). John De Vere 13th Earl of Oxford has fled to France via Scotland, but not before reinforcing Hedingham Castle. Hastings, a follower of the House of York has taken advantage of the uncertainty in the land, and sent a small force led by one of his Captains to confiscate De Vere’s lands at Hedingham.
The morning opened, with the Yorkist Captain – who wishes to get this over with quickly – attempting to capture the castle under the guise of Pilgrims, while the remaining force stays in hiding nearby. Spotting a patrol from the castle guarding the Lady Castellan, the pilgrims attempted to take her hostage and gain entry to the castle.
This subterfuge failed, and the Companye, accompanied by other defending households were deployed quickly from the Castle to resist following the arrival of the main force. After a fierce holding battle, the garrison was forced to retreat to the Castle but after heavy losses on both sides.
In the afternoon denouement, unwilling to give up the element of surprise after their win over the Patrol, the Hastings captain and his force continued their march onto the castle, hoping to get in and take over before reinforcements arrive. Unluckily for them, the Garrison had hastily erected defences to try to hold back the force, and are now relying on the gunnery platform of the castle to win the day. This set the scene for a furious and frenetic battle, as wave after wave of Yorkist attackers crashed on the Lancastrian defenders.
In the end, there was only going to be one outcome when faced with an entrenched position and the Yorkists were eventually cut down, but not without a fight. However the Douglas’s should have learnt the lessons from the Battle of Shrewsbury and avoided the Lord of Wolfage Manor!
Away from the main battles there were other displays. The Harrington’s supplied a demonstration of dagger combat from the 15th Century, and Phil D was on hand to represent us in the poleaxe round.
The mighty MSS trebuchet was also present, and thankfully a barn door had even been provided as a target.
Undoubtedly though, the biggest spectacle was the return of gunnery to the castle for the first time in decades. It added so much to the spectacle. The rolling volleys of handguns from the castle barbican was particularly impressive.
There were also two poignant moments for the Companye. This was the first Hedingham event without our dear friend Rob Atkinson who passed away recently following a short illness. As is MSS tradition, we have a minutes silence at Hedingham for those absent friends, and this time Rob was remembered in our thoughts. Nodo Firmo.
The second was a happier affair and Tony H was awarded the Order of the Chess Rook Gules, and the role of Vintner within the Companye. This allows him to shout at us, not that he appeared to need permission anyhow.
After hours we usually stay on site, but Hedingham has a word class public house (The Bell, highly recommended) and we decamped there. It was packed, but thankfully being a skinny runt Dan was still able to get a seat…
All in all, it was a great Hedingham and thanks to the Cobhams, Bonivants and Douglases (3StarsAllHeart) we fought against, and the Middletons and Bayards who fought beside us. Thanks for making it so much fun.
The Companye have returned from our annual April event at the splendid Kenilworth Castle. Staged by Historic England (previously English Heritage) we celebrated the festival of St George – patron Saint of England.
The Festival of St George is a firm favourite with English Heritage members and members flock from all over the country, and well as a large local turnout. As well as the Harrington Companye, the event featured performances by Mark Vance as St George, a rather humorous (and pungent) Dragon, as well as music by Myal Piper, and activities from Griffin Historical.
About the Castle
Kenilworth Castle is located in the town of the same name in Warwickshire, England. Constructed from Norman through to Tudor times, the castle has been described by architectural historian Anthony Emery as “the finest surviving example of a semi-royal palace of the later middle ages, significant for its scale, form and quality of workmanship”. It is certainly an impressive place to spend the weekend!
The castle was built over several centuries. Founded in the 1120s around a powerful Norman great tower, the castle was significantly enlarged by King John at the beginning of the 13th century. Huge water defences were created by damming the local streams, and the resulting fortifications proved able to withstand assaults by land and water in 1266. John of Gaunt spent lavishly in the late 14th century, turning the medieval castle into a palace fortress designed in the latest perpendicular style.
Many castles, especially royal castles were left to decay in the 15th century; Kenilworth, however, continued to be used as a centre of choice, forming a late medieval “palace fortress”.
Henry IV, John of Gaunt’s son, returned Kenilworth to royal ownership when he took the throne in 1399 and made extensive use of the castle. In 1403, after the Battle of Shrewsbury (Editor: You know, the one where the Douglas lost the testicle fighting the Harringtons – Not that we remind them), Sir James Harrington was knighted and it is highly probable that it was at this very castle.
Henry V also used Kenilworth extensively, but preferred to stay in the Pleasance, the mock castle he had built on the other side of the Great Mere. According to the contemporary chronicler John Strecche, who lived at the neighbouring Kenilworth Priory, the French openly mocked Henry in 1414 by sending him a gift of tennis balls at Kenilworth. The French aim was to imply a lack of martial prowess; according to Strecche, the gift spurred Henry’s decision to fight the Agincourt campaign. The account was used by Shakespeare as the basis for a scene in his play Henry V.
As well as our award winning living history encampment, we undertook two arena displays each day.
In the morning, we staged a display of archery from the fifteenth century. The public were entertained with speed shoots, a display of accuracy and really got into cheering our archers on. This culminated with a Companye specialty – the Reduced Harrington Companye portrayal of the Battle of Agincourt.
Thousands of French knights met their deaths at the hands of our skilled archers, the stench of garlic was truly horrendous.
Then at lunchtime we debuted something new for this year – medieval dancing! We had been working with Myal Piper to bring this to this location for the first time. Hours of effort (Editor: yeah right) went into learning authentic medieval dancing which was displayed to the public to the fantastic music provided.
This went down an absolute storm, and then we managed to get members of the public up to join in some dances with us. Great fun! We’re really grateful to Myal Piper for allowing us the opportunity to learn, hopefully we’ll repeat this with them again soon 😊
In the afternoon, we staged a display of fifteenth century combat, were we showcased the various weapon types from the period. Dagger, Sword & Buckler (I.33), Longsword, Spear, Poleaxe were all demonstrated to the cheering crowds – who soon caught on and cheered.
Finally, it was time for a group melee – the Circles of Honour, and Treachery. The crowd (unsurprisingly) chose Treachery, and there was much ganging up on those with more armour!
Sunday saw a repeat of our displays and even more public. A little over 2500 public visited the site over the weekend, and many were repeat visitors who love what we do – and we love entertaining them. Kenilworth always draws an appreciative crowd and we love being part of this fantastic event. It’s also worth pointing out that the 2500 public all seemed to congregate around Spencer’s fantastic new living history presentation – no wonder he was knackered!
You can find a full album of photographs here: https://www.facebook.com/pg/matthewdcrosbyphotographic/photos/?tab=album&album_id=1690738874274948
We return to Kenilworth again in June for the Grand Medieval Joust – watch this space for updates!
Next up – Hedingham Castle beckons… and clearly some people just can’t wait!!